Chemical research in toxicology

Role of cytochrome p4501 family members in the metabolic activation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in mouse epidermis.

PMID 15606143


Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are known to be activated by the cytochrome P450 (P450) 1 family. However, the precise role of individual P4501 family members in PAH bioactivation remains to be fully elucidated. We therefore investigated the formation of PAH-DNA adducts in the epidermis of Cyp1a2(-/-), Cyp1b1(-/-), and Ahr(-/-) knockout mice. A panel of different PAHs was used, ranging in carcinogenic potency. Mice were treated topically on the dorsal skin with the following tritium-labeled PAHs: dibenzo[a,l]pyre-ne (DB[a,l]P), 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene (DMBA), benzo[a]pyrene (B[a]P), dibenzo[a,h]anthracene (DB[a,h]A), benzo[g]chrysene (B[g]C), and benzo[c]phenanthrene (B[c]P). At 24 h after treatment, mice (two male and two female mice per group) were sacrificed, and epidermal DNA was isolated and hydrolyzed with DNase I; subsequently, DNA adducts were quantitated by liquid scintillation counting. In the DB[a,l]P-treated mice, levels of DNA adducts were significantly lower in Cyp1a2(-/-) and Cyp1b1(-/-) mice by 57 and 46%, respectively, as compared to wild-type (WT) mice (C57BL/6 background). The levels of DB[a,l]P DNA adducts formed in Ahr(-/-) mice were 26% lower, but this was not statistically significant. The levels of DMBA-DNA adducts in Cyp1a2(-/-) mice were not different than the WT mice but were significantly lower in Cyp1b1(-/-) and Ahr(-/-) mice by 64 and 52%, respectively. DMBA-DNA adduct samples were further analyzed by HPLC following further digestion to deoxyribonucleosides. HPLC analysis of individual DMBA-DNA adducts revealed differences in the ratio of syn-DMBA-diol epoxide- to anti-DMBA-diol epoxide-derived adducts in the Ahr(-/-) and Cyp1b1(-/-) mice. The ratio of syn-/anti-derived adducts in WT mice was 0.49. This ratio was 0.23 in the Cyp1b1(-/-) mice and 0.87 in the Ahr(-/-) mice. In contrast to the results with DB[a,l]P and DMBA, the levels of B[a]P-, DB[a,h]A-, B[g]C-, and B[c]P-DNA adducts were significantly lower in Ahr(-/-) mice by 73, 75, 50, and 81%, respectively, as compared to WT mice but were not significantly lower in the Cyp1a2(-/-) or Cyp1b1(-/-) mice. Collectively, these and other results support a role for both P4501A1 and P4501B1 in the bioactivation of DMBA; P4501A2, P4501B1, and possibly P4501A1 in the bioactivation of DB[a,l]P; and P4501A1 in the bioactivation of B[a]P, DB[a,h]A, B[g]C, and B[c]P in mouse epidermis. Furthermore, in the metabolic activation of DMBA in mouse epidermis, P4501B1 shows a preference for the formation of syn-DMBA-diol epoxide adducts, whereas P4501A1 shows a preference for the formation of anti-DMBA-diol epoxide adducts.

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7,12-Dimethylbenz[a]anthracene, ≥95%