American journal of respiratory cell and molecular biology

Gene transfer mediated by native versus fibroblast growth factor-retargeted adenoviral vectors into lung cancer cells.

PMID 15626775


We compared native Adenoviral (Ad) vectors to a basic Fibroblast Growth Factor-retargeted Adenovirus (FGF2-Ad) for gene delivery into a diverse panel of lung cancer cells in vitro and xenografts in vivo. Cells were first evaluated for vector-specific receptor expression. Marked variations of surface coxsackie-adenovirus receptor (CAR), but relatively similar levels of alpha v integrin and FGF receptor expression were evident. Transduction efficiency by Ad directly correlated (R = 0.77, 95% CI 0.28-0.94, P = 0.0085) with CAR, but not with alpha v integrin expression. Transduction efficiency by FGF2-Ad did not correlate with the measured FGF receptor expression. Blocking studies indicated that gene transfer by FGF2-Ad occurred by a CAR-independent pathway, and could be inhibited by free FGF in a dose-dependent manner. Ad-antiserum inhibited FGF2-Ad gene transfer, suggesting that the Ad-component was needed for post-entry DNA-delivery. Soluble heparin sulfate proteoglycans (HSPG) or alpha v integrin blockers marginally decreased FGF2-Ad transduction. Both Ad and FGF2-Ad equally transduced CAR-positive non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and small cell lung cancer (SCLC) cells. By contrast, FGF2-Ad had a distinct transduction advantage in CAR-deficient NSCLC cells. This improvement in transduction of CAR-deficient cells by FGF2-Ad persisted in vivo. These data justify the need for an improved FGF2-Ad vector for clinical use in CAR-deficient lung cancer.