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Journal of medicinal chemistry

Modeled structure of a G-protein-coupled receptor: the cholecystokinin-1 receptor.


PMID 15634012

Abstract

The Cholecystokinin-1 receptor (CCK1R) mediates actions of CCK in areas of the central nervous system and of the gut. It is a potential target to treat a number of diseases. As for all G-protein-coupled receptors, docking of ligands into modeled CCK1R binding site should greatly help to understand intrinsic mechanisms of activation. Here, we describe the procedure we used to progressively build a structural model for the CCK1R, to integrated, and on the basis of site-directed mutagenesis data on its binding site. Reliability of the CCK1R model was confirmed by interaction networks that involved conserved and functionally crucial motifs in G-protein-coupled receptors, such as Glu/Asp-Arg-Tyr and Asn-Pro-Xaa-Xaa-Tyr motifs. In addition, the 3-D structure of CCK1R-bound CCK resembled that determined by NMR in a lipid environment. The derived computational model was also used for revealing binding modes of several nonpeptide ligands and for rationalizing ligand structure-activity relationships known from experiments. Our findings indeed support that our "validated CCK1R model" could be used to study the intrinsic mechanism of CCK1R activation and design new ligands.

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