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Journal of clinical pharmacology

Single- and multiple-dose pharmacokinetics of intravenous cefpirome (HR810) to healthy volunteers.


PMID 1564130

Abstract

The safety and pharmacokinetics of single and multiple administrations of cefpirome (HR810), a new cephalosporin antibiotic agent with a broad antibacterial spectrum, were studied in healthy male volunteers. The single administration protocols included a 3-minute intravenous injection of 0.5 g or 1 g, and a 1-hour intravenous drip infusion of 0.5 g, 1 g, or 2 g. The multiple administration protocols included nine intravenous injections and 1-hour intravenous drip infusions of 1 g of cefpirome twice a day at intervals of 12 hours. Cefpirome was tolerated, and only a few mild, subjective and hepatic-function side effects were observed. There were no severe abnormalities. The drug concentrations in the plasma and the urine were determined by means of HPLC and bioassay, and the results correlated well (r = 0.99). The pharmacokinetic parameters were calculated using a two-compartment model. The elimination half-life (t1/2 beta) was about 1.7 hours for both intravenous injection and intravenous drip infusion and was not dose-dependent. AUC and Cmax were dose-dependent in this study, although an accumulation due to multiple administrations was not observed, and there were no changes in the pharmacokinetic parameters after the initial and the final administrations. The recovery rate of the unchanged compound in the urine was more than 80% in the 24 hours after a single administration and was the same after multiple administrations. Bioautography did not show any active metabolites in the plasma or the urine. The results, for safety and pharmacokinetics, show that cefpirome can be expected to have excellent clinical efficacy for bacterial infections.