Cell and tissue research

Prostaglandins differently regulate FGF-2 and FGF receptor expression and induce nuclear translocation in osteoblasts via MAPK kinase.

PMID 15654655


We have previously reported that prostaglandin F(2alpha) (PGF(2alpha)) and its selective agonist fluprostenol increase basic fibroblast growth factor (FGF-2) mRNA and protein production in osteoblastic Py1a cells. The present report extends our previous studies by showing that Py1a cells express FGF receptor-2 (FGFR2) and that treatment with PGF(2alpha) or fluprostenol decreases FGFR2 mRNA. We have used confocal and electron microscopy to show that, under PGF(2alpha) stimulation, FGF-2 and FGFR2 proteins accumulate near the nuclear envelope and colocalize in the nucleus of Py1a cells. Pre-treatment with cycloheximide blocks nuclear labelling for FGF-2 in response to PGF(2alpha). Treatment with SU5402 does not block prostaglandin-mediated nuclear internalization of FGF-2 or FGFR2. Various effectors have been used to investigate the signal transduction pathway. In particular, pre-treatment with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) prevents the nuclear accumulation of FGF-2 and FGFR2 in response to PGF(2alpha). Similar results are obtained by pre-treatment with the protein kinase C (PKC) inhibitor H-7. In addition, cells treated with PGF(2alpha) exhibit increased nuclear labelling for the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK), p44/ERK2. Pre-treatment with PMA blocks prostaglandin-induced ERK2 nuclear labelling, as confirmed by Western blot analysis. We conclude that PGF(2alpha) stimulates nuclear translocation of FGF-2 and FGFR2 by a PKC-dependent pathway; we also suggest an involvement of MAPK/ERK2 in this process.

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Fluprostenol, 10 mg/mL in ethanol, 98%