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Analytical chemistry

Sol-gel derived potentiometric pH sensors.


PMID 15679353

Abstract

A potentiometric sol-gel derived (xerogel) pH sensor based on covalently attached amine groups is described. The sensor consists of a Ag/AgCl electrode coated with a hybrid aminosilane/alkylsilane xerogel film. Various combinations of aminosilanes and alkylsilanes are evaluated for their potentiometric response to pH. The optimal sensor design is composed of (aminoethylaminomethyl)phenethyltrimethoxysilane and methyltrimethoxysilane. This sensor exhibits near-Nerstian response (-55 mV.decade(-)(1)), responds rapidly (< or =3 s) to changes in pH, and has H(+) selectivity coefficients (log K(pot)(H)()+ (, )(j)()) of -13 and -11 for interfering j cations Na(+) and K(+), respectively. In vitro platelet adhesion tests indicate that the xerogel coatings are more blood compatible than conventional poly(vinyl chloride) and poly(urethane) ion-selective electrode coatings.