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Journal of agricultural and food chemistry

Sulfluramid volatility reduction by beta-cyclodextrin.


PMID 15713031

Abstract

Sulfluramid is an expensive active principle of insecticidal baits that is lost by volatilization during the pelletization of baits. To increase the thermal stability of sulfluramid, we tested its molecular encapsulation in beta-cyclodextrin (beta-CD), using molar ratios of 1:1 and 1:2 (sulfluramid:beta-CD), using the complex preparation techniques of coprecipitation and kneading. The physical mixture of sulfluramid and beta-CD was also tested for comparison. The products of complexation were characterized by differential scanning calorimetry, thermogravimetry, and derivative thermogravimetry, indicating the formation of a sulfluramid/beta-CD complex and showing that the release of the complexed sulfluramid occurs in the range of 270-300 degrees C, a temperature range that is well above the temperature at which sulfluramid sublimates (40 degrees C). This result warrants a reduced sulfluramid loss in the preparation of insecticidal baits. The preparation of the complex by kneading with molar ratio of 1:2 gave the highest yield of complex, about 64%, in relation to the theoretical maximum.

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91242
Sulfluramid, PESTANAL®, analytical standard
C10H6F17NO2S