Journal of AOAC International

Determination of beta-agonist residues in bovine urine using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry.

PMID 15759725


A multiresidue method was developed and validated to screen bovine urine samples for 10 beta-2-adrenergic agonistic drugs--brombuterol, cimaterol, clenbuterol, clenpenterol, isoxsuprine, mabuterol, ractopamine, ritodrine, salbutamol, and tulobuterol--at the 2 microg/L level. The method is also quantitative in the range of 1 to 4 microg/L for all analytes except salbutamol. The procedure uses enzymatic digestion, liquid-liquid extraction, and cleanup on solid-phase extraction columns, followed by detection using a liquid chromatograph-tandem quadrupole mass spectrometer operated in the positive-ion atmospheric pressure chemical ionization multiple-reaction monitoring mode. Method validation included assessment of recoveries, repeatabilities, linearity of responses, decision limits, and detection capabilities. Overall average recoveries ranged from 70-91%; recoveries were generally lower for salbutamol. The decision limits ranged from 0.4-1.0 microg/L, and detection capabilities from 0.6-1.7 microg/L.

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