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Platelets

In vivo effects of isatin on rat platelet eicosanoids.


PMID 15763895

Abstract

To establish the possible influence of isatin (2,3-dioxo-indole) on the activity of platelets, the effects of isatin on platelet eicosanoid synthesis were studied in rats. Different doses (12.5-50 mg/kg) of isatin were injected intraperitoneally (i.p.) and the effects on the arachidonate cascade of isolated platelets were investigated. Cells were labeled with [(14)C]arachidonic acid, then the eicosanoids were separated with overpressure thin-layer chromatography and were quantitatively determined with a liquid scintillation analyzer. The lipoxygenase pathway was significantly inhibited by isatin (50 mg/kg) treatment and also the overall activity of the arachidonate cascade was diminished; however, the cyclooxygenase system was significantly stimulated. A 50-mg/kg i.p. dose of isatin significantly increased the production of vasoconstrictor cyclooxygenase metabolites. Among the vasodilator cyclooxygenase products, the synthesis of PGE2 and PGD2 were significantly decreased while that of 12-hydroxyheptadecatrienoic acid (HHT) increased upon isatin (50 mg/kg) administration. Our results provide further evidence on the peripheral actions of isatin and suggest that this endogenous indole may induce significant changes in the production of blood platelet arachidonic acid metabolites, which are important regulatory substances, thus isatin may potentially affect an even broader range of functions than was previously assumed.

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H1640
12(S)-Hydroxy-(5Z,8E,10E)-heptadecatrienoic acid, ≥93% (HPLC), ethanol solution
C17H28O3