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Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry letters

Synthesis and pharmacological investigation of novel 1-substituted-4-phenyl-1,2,4-triazolo[4,3-a]quinazolin-5(4H)-ones as a new class of H1-antihistaminic agents.


PMID 15780625

Abstract

A series of novel 1-substituted-4-phenyl-1,2,4-triazolo[4,3-a]quinazolin-5(4H)-ones 7 were synthesized by the cyclization of 2-hydrazino-3-phenylquinazolin-4(3H)-one 6 with various one carbon donors. The starting material 2-hydrazino-3-phenylquinazolin-4(3H)-one 6, was synthesized from aniline 1 by a novel innovative route. When tested for their in vivo H(1)-antihistaminic activity on conscious guinea pigs all the test compounds protected the animals from histamine induced bronchospasm significantly, whereas the compound 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,4-triazolo[4,3-a]quinazolin-5(4H)-one 7b (percentage protection 70.7%) was found to be equipotent with the reference standard chlorpheniramine maleate (percentage protection 71%). These compounds show negligible sedation ( approximately 5%) when compared to the reference standard (26%). Hence they could serve as prototype molecules for future development.

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C3025
(±)-Chlorpheniramine maleate salt, ≥99% (perchloric acid titration)
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