Xenobiotica; the fate of foreign compounds in biological systems

Species differences in the tissue distribution of catechol and methylsulphonyl metabolites of 2,4,5,2',5'-penta- and 2,3,4,2',3',6'-hexachlorobiphenyls in rats, mice, hamsters and guinea pigs.

PMID 15788370


Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are metabolized to phenolic or methylsulphonyl PCBs (MeSO(2)-CBs) in animal species. The study determined the species differences in the tissue distribution of persistent PCB metabolites in rats, mice, hamsters and guinea pigs 4 days after exposure to 2,4,5,2('),5(')-pentachlorobiphenyl (CB101) or 2,3,4,2('),3('),6(')-hexachlorobiphenyl (CB132). For CB101 metabolism, the hydroxylation in rats, mice and hamsters occurred primarily at the 3(')-position in the 2('),5(')-dichlorinated phenyl ring, whereas the hydroxylation in guinea pigs occurred preferentially at the 3-position. Metabolite profiles in tissues of hamsters were dominated by 3('),4(')-catechol-CB101, whereas metabolite profiles in rats and mice were dominated by 3(')- or 4(')-MeSO(2)-CBs. For CB132 metabolism, rats and mice produced 4(')- and 5(')-MeSO(2)-CBs at similar concentration ratios, whereas guinea pigs produced MeSO(2)-CBs at higher levels and selectively retained 5(')-MeSO(2)-CB in liver. In contrast, hamsters preferentially produced 4('),5(')-catechol-CB132 that was retained in serum. Consequently, hamsters produced catechols, whereas guinea pigs produced meta-substituted MeSO(2)-CBs, preferentially from CB132. These findings indicate that PCBs with 2,3,6-chlorine substitution are preferred substrates for the formation of catechols or MeSO(2)-CBs and the differences in metabolite profiles are related to species-dependent metabolic capacities.