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The Journal of pharmacy and pharmacology

Scavenging of nitric oxide by an antagonist of adenosine receptors.


PMID 15807997

Abstract

Chronic treatment of rats with 1,3-dipropyl-8-sulfophenylxanthine (DPSPX), an antagonist of adenosine receptors, causes hypertension, cardiovascular hypertrophy and hyperplasia and impaired endothelium-dependent vasodilatation. An accelerated degradation of nitric oxide (NO) by scavenging molecules could account for endothelial dysfunction and trophic changes in this hypertension. Our aim was to determine whether DPSPX is a scavenger of NO and if this putative effect is shared by caffeine (1,3,7-trimethylxanthine) and DPCPX (1,3-dipropyl-8-ciclopentylxanthine), which are also adenosine receptor antagonists but do not induce hypertension in rats. This effect was evaluated by electrochemical and spectrofluorometric assays. Urinary NOx (nitrate + nitrite) excretion was also evaluated in controls and DPSPX-treated rats as a marker for NO bioavailability. DPSPX behaved as a scavenger of NO in a concentration-dependent manner in the electrochemical and spectrofluorometric assays. Caffeine and DPCPX had no scavenging effect. DPSPX-treated rats had decreased excretion of urinary nitrites. We can conclude that: DPSPX has NO scavenging properties that may be involved in the alterations described for DPSPX-hypertensive rats; this NO-scavenging effect is not shared by caffeine and DPCPX, which are also xanthine derivatives and adenosine antagonists.

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A022
1,3-Dipropyl-8-(p-sulfophenyl)xanthine, powder
C17H20N4O5S