Langmuir : the ACS journal of surfaces and colloids

Dynamic alterations of fibronectin layers on copolymer substrates with graded physicochemical characteristics.

PMID 15835174


Desorption and exchange of preadsorbed fibronectin layers in pure buffer solution and solutions of human serum albumin or fibronectin, respectively, were studied in dependence on the physicochemical characteristics of maleic acid copolymer films used as substrates. Although the preadsorbed amount of fibronectin differed only slightly, the protein was found to exhibit a significantly enhanced anchorage at the more hydrophobic polymer surface as compared to the more hydrophilic and more negatively charged polymer surface. The preadsorbed fibronectin layer was most efficiently exchanged by fibronectin (i.e., in the homodisplacement process) while pure buffer solution and human serum albumin solutions induced desorption or exchange of fibronectin to lower and similar degrees. An increase of the total adsorbed amount of protein due to additional adsorption of fibronectin or human serum albumin accompanied the partial exchange of the preadsorbed fibronectin in the displacement experiments. Evaluation of the kinetics of desorption and exchange of fibronectin at any of the substrates revealed two kinds of surface-attached protein populations--a fast desorbing species and a species with a slow desorption and exchange rate. By a multivariate regression analysis the surface characteristics of the polymer substrate were confirmed to determine the degree of protein desorption and exchange while the dynamics of the layer alteration was found to solely depend on the diffusion behavior of the proteins.

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