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Journal of agricultural and food chemistry

Development of a HPLC/tandem-MS method for the analysis of the larvicides methoprene, hydroprene, and kinoprene at trace levels using Diels-Alder derivatization.


PMID 15853364

Abstract

The invasion and subsequent spread of the mosquito-borne West Nile virus in the United States has resulted in increased use of methoprene. With the increased need for sensitive detection and monitoring of methoprene in the environment, an analytical LC/ESI-MS/MS method has been developed for the analysis of methoprene and two analogues, kinoprene and hydroprene, in water. To improve the ionization efficiency of the nonpolar analytes, a derivatization step with the Cookson-type reagent 4-phenyl-1,2,4-triazoline-3,5-dione (PTAD) was used. Derivatization improved the limit of detection 100-fold. For tandem MS analyses, limits of detection in environmental water samples (S/N = 3) are about 6 pg/mL for methoprene and 20 pg/mL for kinoprene and hydroprene, resulting in limits of quantification (S/N = 10) of 20 pg/mL for methoprene and 60 pg/mL for hydroprene and kinoprene extracted from 10 mL of water. This method was applied to measure methoprene concentrations in water samples from a treated site.

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