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Journal of chromatography. A

Chiral separation of amines in subcritical fluid chromatography using polysaccharide stationary phases and acidic additives.


PMID 15861800

Abstract

The chiral separation of basic compounds by subcritical fluid chromatography (SFC) is often unsuccessful, due possibly to multiple interactions of the analyte with the mobile and stationary phase. Incorporation of a strong acid, ethanesulfonic acid (ESA), into the sample diluent and mobile phase modifier gives a dramatic improvement in these separations. Screening with ethanol containing 0.1% ESA on CHIRALPAK AD-H gave separation of 36 of 45 basic compounds previously not separated in SFC. The mechanism appears to involve the separation of an intact salt pair formed between the basic compound and ESA. Other modifiers, other acids and one additional stationary phase were examined and found to yield additional separations.