Anticancer research

Carboxyamido-triazole (CAI) reverses the balance between proliferation and apoptosis in a rat bladder cancer model.

PMID 15868902


Carboxyamido-triazole (CAI) is an orally bioavailable calcium influx and signal transduction inhibitor that has been shown to be anti-invasive, anti-angiogenic and anti-metastatic in different human tumors including transitional cell carcinoma. This study was undertaken to further evaluate the activity of CAI in a rat bladder cancer model. A transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) was chemically induced by intravesical installation of methyl-nitrosurea (MNU) in the bladder of female Fischer 344 rats. First, a toxicity study was performed which revealed no side-effects of CAI in the animals up to a dose of 250 mg/kg CAI. For treatment, a dose of 100 mg/kg CAI dissolved in PEG-400 vehicle was chosen. Oral administration of CAI continuously daily for 4 weeks (group A), 3 days/week over 6 weeks (group B), or intravesically twice a week for 6 weeks (group C) caused a reduction of spontaneous development of TCC. Lower stage and grade of tumors were seen in all CAI-treated animals. Under CAI treatment, the apoptotic rate in tumors increased, whereas the proliferation rate decreased, as shown by TUNEL assay and KI-67-immunhistochemistry, respectively. The highest efficacy was seen in group B, with 5 out of 10 animals tumor-free. Intravesical application (group C) resulted in 3 out of 10 animals tumor-free. Normal urothelium was not affected by CAI. This animal model confirms the anti-tumor effect of CAI and shows induction of apoptosis and growth inhibition in bladder cancer by the drug.