Journal of chromatography. B, Analytical technologies in the biomedical and life sciences

A sensitive and selective LC-MS-MS method for simultaneous determination of picroside-I and kutkoside (active principles of herbal preparation picroliv) using solid phase extraction in rabbit plasma: application to pharmacokinetic study.

PMID 15899375


A rapid, sensitive and selective LC-MS-MS method for the simultaneous quantitation of picroside-I and kutkoside (active constituents of herbal hepatoprotectant picroliv) was developed and validated in rabbit plasma. The analytes and internal standard (Amarogentin) were extracted using Oasis HLB solid phase extraction cartridges. Analysis was performed on Spheri RP-18 column (10 microm, 100 mm x 4.6 mm i.d.) coupled with guard column using acetonitrile:MilliQ water (50:50, %v/v) as mobile phase at a flow rate of 1 ml/min with a retention time of 1.39, 1.33 and 1.42 min for picroside-I, kutkoside and amarogentin, respectively. The quantitation was carried out using an API-4000 LC-MS-MS with negative electro spray ionization in multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) mode. The precursor to product ion transitions for picroside-I, kutkoside and amarogentin were m/z 491 > 147, 199; 511 > 167, 235; 585 > 227, respectively. The method was validated in terms of establishing linearity, specificity, sensitivity, recovery, accuracy and precision (within- and between-assay variation), freeze-thaw (f-t), auto injector and dry residue stability. Linearity in plasma was observed over a concentration range of 1.56-400 ng/ml with a limit of detection (LOD) of 0.5 ng/ml for both analytes. The recoveries from spiked control samples were > 60 and > 70% for picroside-I and kutkoside, respectively. Accuracy and precision of the validated method were within the acceptable limits of < 20% at low and < 15% at other concentrations. The analytes were stable after three freeze-thaw cycles and their dry residues were stable at -60 degrees C for 15 days. The method was successfully applied to determine concentrations of picroside-I and kutkoside post i.v. bolus administration of picroliv in rabbit.

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Picroside I, ≥98% (HPLC)