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Cellular signalling

Prostacyclin receptor induces STAT1 and STAT3 phosphorylations in human erythroleukemia cells: a mechanism requiring PTX-insensitive G proteins, ERK and JNK.


PMID 15979846

Abstract

The ability of the human prostacyclin receptor (hIP) to regulate the activities of signal transducers and activators of transcription (STATs) has not yet been documented. In the present study, we have delineated the mechanism by which hIP induces STAT3 phosphorylations in human erythroleukemia (HEL) cells. Stimulation of endogenous hIP by its specific agonist, cicaprost, resulted in STAT3 Tyr705 and Ser727 phosphorylations in a time- and concentration-dependent manner. Cicaprost-induced STAT3 Tyr705 and Ser727 phosphorylations were resistant to pertussis toxin (PTX) treatment, suggesting that these responses were mediated through PTX-insensitive G proteins. In addition, extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) and c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK), but not p38 MAPK, were shown to be phosphorylated by cicaprost in a time- and concentration-dependent manner via PTX-insensitive G proteins. The levels of the interaction between STAT3, ERK and JNK were enhanced by cicaprost treatment. The involvement of Raf-1, MEK1/2 and JNK in cicaprost-induced phosphorylations of STAT3 was illustrated by the use of their selective inhibitors. In contrast, p38 MAPK did not appear to be required. Similar observations were obtained with STAT1 upon stimulation by cicaprost. Taken together, these results demonstrate for the first time that hIP activation by cicaprost can lead to STAT1 and STAT3 phosphorylations via signaling pathways involving PTX-insensitive G proteins, ERK and JNK.