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FEMS immunology and medical microbiology

Phenotypic and genotypic discrepancy of Streptococcus pneumoniae strains isolated from Asian countries.


PMID 15985224

Abstract

Non-typeable isolates of Streptococcus pneumoniae collected from Asian countries were characterized by optochin susceptibility test, bile solubility test, multilocus sequence typing of housekeeping genes, amplification of virulence-related genes, 16S rDNA-RsaI digestion, and 16S rDNA sequencing. Six of 54 non-typeable pneumococcal isolates showed divergence of gene sequences of recP and xpt from typical pneumococcal strains. Of these six atypical pneumococcal strains, two showed different results in optochin susceptibility or bile solubility test from typical pneumococcal strains. All six isolates showed high sequence dissimilarities of multilocus sequence typing, 16S rDNA sequences, and lytA sequences from typical S. pneumoniae strains. Data from this study suggest that classic tests such as optochin susceptibility and bile solubility tests may lead to incorrect identification of S. pneumoniae. These atypical strains may belong to different bacterial species from S. pneumoniae.

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