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The regulation of alpha-MSH release by GABA is mediated by a chloride-dependent [Ca2+]c increase in frog melanotrope cells.


PMID 15990198

Abstract

In frog melanotrope cells, gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) induces a biphasic effect, i.e. a transient stimulation followed by a more sustained inhibition of alpha-MSH release, and both phases of the GABA effect are mediated by GABAA receptors. We have previously shown that the stimulatory phase evoked by GABAA receptor agonists can be accounted for by calcium entry. In the present study, we have investigated the involvement of the chloride flux on GABA-induced [Ca2+]c increase and alpha-MSH release. We show that GABA evokes a concentration-dependent [Ca2+]c rise through specific activation of the GABAA receptor. The GABA-induced [Ca2+]c increase results from opening of voltage-activated L- and N-type calcium channels, and sodium channels. Variations of the extracellular Cl- concentration revealed that GABA-induced [Ca2+]c rise and alpha-MSH release both depend on the Cl- flux direction and driving force. These observations suggest for the first time that GABA-gated Cl- efflux provokes an increase in [Ca2+]c increase that is responsible for hormone secretion.

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