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American heart journal

Cardioprotection before revascularization in ischemic myocardial injury and the potential role of hemoglobin-based oxygen carriers.


PMID 15990736

Abstract

Despite the availability of interventional catheterization for patients with acute coronary syndromes, there is an unavoidable delay until the occluded coronary artery(s) can be revascularized, during which time persistent ischemia may lead to irreversible myocardial damage despite subsequently high patency rates. Accordingly, there has been an intense effort to develop early interventions that will preserve the viability of ischemic myocardium before revascularization. A number of novel strategies have been studied, including hemoglobin-based oxygen carriers. These compounds transport oxygen in the plasma to help maintain more normal oxygen delivery to the myocardium supplied by a thrombosed vessel, and they also release oxygen to tissue more efficiently than intraerythrocytic hemoglobin.