Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry

Ginkgolides and bilobalide: their physical, chromatographic and spectroscopic properties.

PMID 15993092


Ginkgolides A, B, C, J, K, L and M and bilobalide are rare terpene trilactones that have been isolated from leaves and root bark of the Chinese tree Ginkgo biloba. The structures of the highly oxidized ginkgolides were independently elucidated in the 1960s by the groups of Nakanishi and Sakabe. Later these compounds were found to be potent and selective antagonists of platelet activating factor, which fact triggered much new research. During the past 40 years, much physical, chromatographic and spectroscopic data have been published on these compounds in various, sometimes inaccessible, sources. The published melting points, solubility in different solvents, ionization constants, chromatographic behaviour, specific optical rotations, UV, IR, MS and NMR data, and X-ray studies are summarized and, where necessary, discussed. The literature until April 2005 has been reviewed.