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Platelets

The inhibitory potency of clopidogrel on ADP-induced platelet activation is not attenuated when it is co-administered with atorvastatin (20 mg/day) for 5 weeks in patients with acute coronary syndromes.


PMID 16011979

Abstract

The antiplatelet potency of clopidogrel may be attenuated by short-term co-administration of lipophilic statins metabolized through the cytochrome P-450, isoform 3A4. We investigated whether the co-administration of atorvastatin (20?mg/day) for 5 weeks, in patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS) could affect the antiplatelet activity of clopidogrel. Fifty-one patients with the first episode of an ACS were included in the study. All patients underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and received a loading dose of 375 mg of clopidogrel, followed by 75 mg/day for at least 3 months. Twenty-six of them presented with low density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol levels >100?mg/dl (2.6 mmol/l) (measured within 24 h from the onset of symptoms) and received daily 20 mg/day of atorvastatin. The ADP- or TRAP-induced platelet aggregation, as well as P-selectin and CD40L surface expression, were studied at baseline (within 30 min after admission) and 5 weeks afterwards. Atorvastatin did not influence either the clopidogrel-induced inhibition of platelet aggregation initiated by 5 or 10 microM ADP or the clopidogrel-induced reduction of the membrane expression of P-selectin and CD40L induced by ADP. In conclusion, atorvastatin, even at a dose of 20 mg/day does not affect the antiplatelet efficacy of clopidogrel when co-administered for 5 weeks in ACS patients.