Journal of chromatography

Liquid membrane work-up of blood plasma samples applied to gas chromatographic determination of aliphatic amines.

PMID 1601951


A technique for sample work-up and enrichment using a supported liquid membrane in an automated flow system, connected to a gas chromatograph, was used for the determination of aliphatic amines in human blood plasma. The amines studied were N,N-dimethylethylamine, triethylamine, N-methylmorpholine, cyclohexylamine and N,N-dimethylcyclohexylamine. An efficient clean-up of the complex plasma matrix was achieved, resulting in identical blank chromatograms for plasma samples and aqueous solutions. Different parameters influencing the efficiency and selectivity of the extraction procedure were experimentally studied and theoretically explained. The detection limit depends on the extraction flow-rate and the available sample volume. With 1 ml of sample and a flow-rate giving an extraction time of 16 min, the detection limit was ca. 5 ppb (5 micrograms/l); with 4 ml of sample and a lower flow-rate, sub-ppb detection limits could be reached in ca. 3 h. Linear calibration curves up to 500 ppb were obtained. Blood plasma samples from volunteers exposed to N,N-dimethylethylamine in air were analysed, and the results compared favourably with independent measurements by another method.