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The Journal of antibiotics

Influence of leucine and valine on ramoplanin production by Actinoplanes sp. ATCC 33076.


PMID 16161487

Abstract

Ramoplanin is a glycolipodepsipeptide antibiotic obtained by fermentation of the Actinoplanes sp. ATCC 33076, isolated as a complex of three closely related components A1, A2 and A3, which differ in their fatty acid moiety. We have investigated the influence of L-leucine and L-valine, the biosynthetic precursors of the fatty acids in A2 and A3 factors, on the complex composition and antibiotic productivity. Addition of 5 g/litre of L-leucine at the time of inoculation increases antibiotic production and improves the production of A2 factor, which represents the active principle component under clinical development. Addition of L-valine in the same conditions modifies the composition of the complex towards the A3 factor but does not improve total antibiotic productivity. A possible explanation for the different actions of the two amino acids is presented.

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R1781 Ramoplanin