International journal of occupational medicine and environmental health

The effect of selected aromatic bromine derivatives on the activity of glutathione peroxidase and transferase.

PMID 16201203


Glutathione (GSH) is an important element of antioxidative barrier. Its biological function consists in eliminating oxygen free radicals. It also acts as a co-substrate in numerous enzymatic reactions catalyzed by glutathione peroxidase (GPx) and glutathione S-transferase (GST). In our study we attempted to assess the effect of hexabromobenzene (HBB) and its metabolites on the level of GSH and related enzymes, GPx and GST. The experiments were performed on female Wistar rats. The investigated compounds (HBB, 1,2,4,5-tetraBB, 1,2,4- and 1,3,5-triBB) were administered intragastrically in three different doses (HBB: 15, 75, and 375 mg/kg; 1,2,4,5-tetraBB and 1,2,4-triBB: 8, 40, and 200 mg/kg; 1,3,5-triBB: 12, 60, and 300 mg/kg) for 7, 14, 21 or 28 days. GSH level and activity of GST and GPx were determined in the obtained material. The highest activity of GPx and GSTwas observed after a 7-fold administration of all investigated compounds. Prolonged time of exposure caused the return to the control values. The study revealed that repeated exposure to aromatic bromine derivatives increases GPx and GST activity only in the initial phase of the experiment.