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The Journal of organic chemistry

Stereoselective formation of carbon-carbon bonds via SN2-displacement: synthesis of substituted cycloalkyl[b]indoles.


PMID 16209582

Abstract

A general asymmetric synthesis of substituted cycloalkyl[b]indoles has been accomplished. The key features of this approach are (1) the utilization of a Japp-Klingemann condensation/Fischer cyclization to prepare cycloalkyl[b]indolones, (2) the asymmetric borane reduction of these heterocyclic ketones with (S)-OAB to obtain enantiomerically pure alcohols, and (3) the stereoselective S(N)2-displacement of these indole alcohol substrates with a carbon nucleophile under Mitsunobu conditions to set the C1 or C3 tertiary carbon stereocenter. The use of trimethylphosphine (PMe3) and bis(2,2,2-trichloroethyl) azodicarboxylate (TCEAD) was found to have an effect on the Mitsunobu dehydrative alkylation.

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291536
Bis(2,2,2-trichloroethyl) azodicarboxylate, ≥97%
C6H4Cl6N2O4