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Journal of bioscience and bioengineering

Purification and characterization of an extracellular beta-agarase from Bacillus sp. MK03.


PMID 16233415

Abstract

A new beta-agarase was purified from an agarolytic bacterium, Bacillus sp. MK03. The enzyme was purified 129-fold from the culture supernatant by ammonium sulfate precipitation, anion exchange and gel filtration column chromatographic methods. The purified enzyme appeared as a single band on sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE). Estimation of the molecular mass by SDS-PAGE and gel filtration gave values of 92 kDa and 113 kDa, respectively. The N-terminal amino acid sequence of the enzyme showed no homology to those of other known agarases. The optimum pH and temperature for this enzyme were 7.6 and 40 degrees C, respectively. The predominant hydrolysis product of agarose by this enzyme was neoagarotetraose, indicating the cleavage of beta-1,4 linkage. This enzyme could hydrolyze neoagarohexaose to produce neoagarotetraose and neoagarobiose; it could not hydrolyze these products. The enzyme digested agarose by endo-type hydrolysis.

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N0763
Neoagarohexaitol
C36H58O28