Rapid communications in mass spectrometry : RCM

A new reversed-phase liquid chromatographic/tandem mass spectrometric method for analysis of underivatised amino acids: evaluation for the diagnosis and the management of inherited disorders of amino acid metabolism.

PMID 16235234


Seventy-six compounds of biological interest for the diagnosis of inherited disorders of amino acids (AA) metabolism have previously been demonstrated to be detectable in positive mode electrospray ionisation tandem mass spectrometry (ESI-MS/MS), after separation by ion-pairing reversed-phase liquid chromatography (RPLC). The separation method used tridecafluoroheptanoic acid as ion-pairing agent, and a gradient of acetonitrile for the elution of the most retained compounds. This method had previously been demonstrated to be suitable for the qualitative diagnosis of many AA disorders, and for the quantitative measurement of 16 AA in biological fluids, using their stable isotope labelled (SIL) AA as internal standard. For quantification of the other AA, an internal standard was chosen among the available SIL-AA, as close as possible to the analyte to be measured, in terms of structural analogy, and of retention time in the chromatographic system. The performances of the quantitative analysis of the other AA to be measured are reported here. They show validated results for several AA, allowing their accurate quantification, with another SIL-AA as internal standard. For some other AA, quantitative results were not accurate, allowing only semi-quantitative or qualitative determination for these parameters.

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