Journal of vector borne diseases

Efficacy of IGR compound Starycide 480 SC (Triflumuron) against mosquito larvae in clear and polluted water.

PMID 16294809


An environmental friendly formulation Starycide 480 SC (Triflumuron-OMS-2015 ), a new insect growth regulator with chitin synthesis inhibitor type mode of action was evaluated against mosquito larvae in laboratory and small-scale field trials carried out in and around Delhi. The formulation was tested in laboratory for its bio-efficacy against late III instar mosquito larvae of different species using WHO bioassay procedure. In the field formulation was sprayed at doses of 0.3, 0.5 and 1 ppm (g/m3) in the natural breeding habitats of Anopheles and Culex mosquitoes. The impact was assessed by monitoring densities of larvae by dipper and observing the reduction in larval density and inhibition of adult emergence. In the laboratory, formulation was more effective against larvae of Anopheles stephensi and Aedes aegypti than Culex quinquefasciatus, but it produced 100% inhibition of adult emergence for all mosquito species at a concentration of 0.02 ppm. In the field trials, formulation did not produce 100% reduction in the density of late stage larvae even at 1 ppm (g/m3), the highest dose tested, but it resulted in 100% inhibition of pupal formation of both Anopheles and Culex spp in different types of habitats for 3-7 weeks even at a lower dose of 0.5 ppm. Application of triflumuron in the natural breeding habitats in both clean and polluted water @ 0.5 ppm (g/m3) resulted in complete inhibition of adult emergence of both Anopheles and Culex spp for 3-7 weeks. This formulation may be tested in large-scale field trials for further use in the vector control programme.

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Triflumuron, PESTANAL®, analytical standard