Journal of neurotrauma

A single dose, three-arm, placebo-controlled, phase I study of the bradykinin B2 receptor antagonist Anatibant (LF16-0687Ms) in patients with severe traumatic brain injury.

PMID 16379582


Traumatic brain injury (TBI) mortality and morbidity remains a public health challenge. Because experimental studies support an important role of bradykinin (BK) in the neurological deterioration that follows TBI, a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled study of Anatibant (LF16- 0687Ms), a selective and potent antagonist of the BK B(2) receptor, was conducted in severe (Glasgow Coma Scale [GCS] < 8) TBI patients (n = 25) at six sites in the United States. At 8-12 h after injury (9.9 +/- 2.8 h), patients received a single subcutaneous injection of Anatibant (3.75 mg or 22.5 mg, n = 10 each) or placebo (n = 5). The primary objective was to investigate the pharmacokinetics of Anatibant; general safety, local tolerability, levels of the bradykinin metabolite BK1-5 in plasma and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), intracranial pressure (ICP), and cerebral perfusion pressure were also assessed. We observed a dose-proportionality of the pharmacokinetics, Cmax, and AUC of Anatibant. V(d)/F, Cl/F, and t(1/2) were independent on the dose and protein binding was >97.7%. Anatibant, administered as single subcutaneous injections of 3.75 g and 22.5 mg, was well tolerated in severe TBI patients with no unexpected clinical adverse events or biological abnormalities observed. Interestingly, plasma and CSF levels of BK1-5 were significantly and markedly increased after trauma (e.g., 34,700 +/- 35,300 fmol/mL in plasma vs. 34.9 +/- 5.6 fmol/mL previously reported for normal volunteers), supporting the use of Anatibant as a treatment of secondary brain damage. To address this issue, a dose-response trial that would investigate the effects of Anatibant on the incidence of raised ICP and on functional outcome in severe TBI patients is needed.

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Bradykinin Fragment 1-5, ≥97% (HPLC)