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Pharmacological reviews

International Union of Pharmacology. XLVIII. Nomenclature and structure-function relationships of voltage-gated calcium channels.


PMID 16382099

Abstract

The family of voltage-gated calcium channels serves as the key transducers of cell surface membrane potential changes into local intracellular calcium transients that initiate many different physiological events. There are 10 members of the voltage-gated calcium channel family that have been characterized in mammals, and they serve distinct roles in cellular signal transduction. This article presents the molecular relationships and physiological functions of these calcium channel proteins and provides comprehensive information on their molecular, genetic, physiological, and pharmacological properties.