Molecular carcinogenesis

Cyclooxygenase isozymes are expressed in human myeloma cells but not involved in anti-proliferative effect of cyclooxygenase inhibitors.

PMID 16385588


Considering possible tumorigenic activity of cyclooxygenase (COX) isozymes in myeloma, we examined expression levels of COX-1 and -2 in seven human myeloma cell lines (ARH-77, IM-9, RPMI-8226, HPC, HS-Sultan, TSPC-1, and U-266). As analyzed by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), all the cell lines constitutively expressed COX-1, while COX-2 levels markedly varied among different cell lines. Induction of COX-2 by phorbol ester was observed in RPMI-8226 and HPC cells. In contrast, COX-2 was constitutively expressed in ARH-77 and IM-9 cells. Moreover, the high expression level of COX-2 protein in ARH-77 cells was verified by Western blotting. Intact cells of ARH-77 converted 14C-labeled arachidonic acid to prostaglandin E2, F2alpha, and D2, and this activity was dose-dependently inhibited by selective COX-2 inhibitors (SC-58125 and NS-398), a non-selective COX inhibitor (indomethacin), and relatively high concentrations of a selective COX-1 inhibitor (SC-560). These COX inhibitors also suppressed the proliferation of ARH-77 cells, but significant suppression was seen only at 100 microM, a much higher concentration than those sufficient for the COX inhibition. Moreover, proliferation of the myeloma cells lacking COX-2 was also suppressed by 100 microM of SC-58125. These results suggested that the anti-proliferative effect of the COX inhibitors is independent of the inhibition of COX-2.

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SC-58125, ≥98% (HPLC)