Biomedical chromatography : BMC

Determination, purity assessment and chiral separation of levodopa methyl ester in bulk and formulation pharmaceuticals.

PMID 16389643


A sensitive, reliable and reproducible HPLC method with electrochemical detection (HPLC-ECD) has been developed for the separation and quantification of levodopa methyl ester (LDME) and its impurities such as levodopa (l-DOPA), 3-methoxytyrosine (MTS) and l-tyrosine (TS) in bulk drug and pharmaceutical dosage form. The separation was performed on an LC18 column by isocratic elution with methanol-acetonitrile-50 mm potassium dihydrogen phosphate (8:2:90, v/v/v) containing 5 mm sodium 1-hexanesulfonate, 5 mm EDTA and 5 mm sodium chloride, adjusted with phosphoric acid to a pH of 3.2 as mobile phase. The correlation coefficients of linear regression for LDME, L-DOPA, MTS and TS were more than 0.999. The detection limits for L-DOPA, MTS and TS were 3.15, 2.04 and 2.88 ng/mL, respectively. The precision was checked in terms of F-test variance ratio using potentiometric titration as reference. The separation of dopa methyl ester enantiomers by chiral chromatography is also described. This method is capable of separating the two enantiomers with a selection of 1.4 and a resolution of 8.4. Both methods were found to be stable and useful in the quality control of the bulk material and formulations.

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