Journal of cellular biochemistry

Calcyclin binding protein promotes DNA synthesis and differentiation in rat neonatal cardiomyocytes.

PMID 16440310


During cardiac muscle development, most cardiomyocytes permanently withdraw from the cell cycle. Previously, by suppressive subtractive hybridization, we identified calcyclin-binding protein/Siah-interacting protein (CacyBP/SIP) as one of the candidates being upregulated in the hyperplastic to hypertrophic switch, suggesting an important role of CacyBP/SIP in cardiac development. To show the importance of CacyBP/SIP during myoblast differentiation, we report here that CacyBP/SIP is developmentally regulated in postnatal rat hearts. The overexpression of CacyBP/SIP promotes the differentiation and DNA synthesis of H9C2 cells and primary rat cardiomyocytes, as well as downregulates the expression of beta-catenin. Besides, CacyBP/SIP promotes the formation of myotubes and multinucleation upon differentiation. To investigate the cardioprotective role of CacyBP/SIP in cardiomyocytes, a hypoxia/reoxygenation model was employed. We found that CacyBP/SIP was upregulated during myocardial infarction (MI) and hypoxia/reoxygenation. As a conclusion, CacyBP/SIP may play a role in cardiomyogenic differentiation and possibly protection of cardiomyocytes during hypoxia/reoxygenation injury.