General and comparative endocrinology

Extragonadal 17 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase activity in rainbow trout.

PMID 1649780


Blood cells of male and female rainbow trout showed 17 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (17 beta HSD) activity in vitro, reducing 11 beta-hydroxyandrostenedione and 11-ketoandrostenedione (OA) to 11 beta-hydroxytestosterone and 11-ketotestosterone (OT), respectively. Enzyme activity did not vary with gonadal development in either sex. The conversion of tritiated precursors was partly inhibited in the presence of steroid-free serum or radioinert steroid, but inhibition was less strong when radioinert androgens were added to steroid-free serum or when the serum contained endogenous steroids. Treatment of male trout with salmon gonadotropin in vivo and/or incubation with a pituitary extract of mature salmon in vitro did not affect OA conversion when blood cells were incubated in the absence of serum, whereas it was slightly but significantly higher when they were incubated in the presence of serum and pituitary extract. In addition to blood cells and steroidogenic tissues, spleen, intestine, brain, liver, excretory kidney, and skin tissue also produced an OA metabolite isopolar to OT in vitro, so that 17 beta HSD appears to be present in a variety of trout issues. With respect to the biological significance of extragonadal steroid metabolism in vivo, the ligand binding characteristics of circulating steroid binding proteins may be of primary relevance in regulating substrate availability.

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Adrenosterone, 98%