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Analytical and bioanalytical chemistry

Detection of residual bacitracin A, colistin A, and colistin B in milk and animal tissues by liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry.


PMID 16547744

Abstract

Liquid chromatography coupled with electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) was applied to the determination of residual bacitracin A, colistin A, and colistin B in milk and animal tissue samples. Prior to instrumental analysis, samples were subjected to acid extraction followed by solid-phase cleanup using Strata-X cartridges. Mass spectral acquisitions were performed under selective multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) mode at m/z 199 and 670 from triply charged precursors of bacitracin A (m/z 475); m/z 385 and 379 from triply charged precursors of colistin A (m/z 391); and m/z 380 and 374 from triply charged precursors of colistin B (m/z 386). Method precision was evaluated from spike recovery of samples fortified at concentrations corresponding to 2/5 of the maximum residue limits (MRLs) for each of the analytes under study. Intra-day and inter-day variations were found to range from 90.9 to 104% with relative standard deviation (RSD) <6.5%, and from 90.1 to 106% with RSD <9.1%, respectively. Limits of quantification (LOQs) were defined as the spiking concentrations at 2/5 MRL, and limits of detection (LODs) were 10-47 microg kg(-1) for bacitracin A, 1-16 microg kg(-1) for colistin A, and 6-14 microg kg(-1) for colistin B in milk and animal tissues. The presented method has good precision and high sensitivity and was applied as a fast screening protocol and a quantitative tool for monitoring of the concerned polypeptides in foods as part of a surveillance program.

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31626
Bacitracin A, VETRANAL, analytical standard
C66H103N17O16S