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FEBS letters

Catalytic folding of the Cepsilon3 domain by its high affinity receptor.


PMID 16563391

Abstract

The interaction of immunoglobulin E (IgE) with its cellular receptor FcepsilonRIalpha is a central regulator of allergy. Structural studies have identified the third domain (Cepsilon3) of the constant region of epsilon heavy chain as the receptor binding region. The isolated Cepsilon3 domain is a "molten globule" that becomes structured upon binding of the FcepsilonRIalpha ligand. In this study, fluorescence and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopies are used to characterise the role of soluble FcepsilonRIalpha in the folding of the monomeric Cepsilon3 domain of IgE. Soluble FcepsilonRIalpha is shown to display characteristic properties of a catalyst for the folding of Cepsilon3, with the rate of Cepsilon3 folding being dependent on the concentration of the receptor.

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