The Journal of biological chemistry

Pertussis toxin-sensitive Gi protein involvement in epidermal growth factor-induced activation of phospholipase C-gamma in rat hepatocytes.

PMID 1657996


Treatment of rat hepatocytes with epidermal growth factor (EGF) produced an enhanced tyrosine phosphorylation of the EGF receptor and phospholipase C-gamma (PLC-gamma) in conjunction with the mobilization of Ca2+. Approximately 30% of the total PLC-gamma was tyrosine-phosphorylated with a maximum being reached after 30 s of incubation with EGF. Pretreatment of the rats with pertussis toxin prior to isolation of the hepatocytes blocked EGF-induced tyrosine phosphorylation of PLC-gamma and Ca2+ mobilization but had no effect on autophosphorylation of the EGF receptor or Ca2+ responses elicited by angiotensin II or phenylephrine. Under these conditions Gi protein alpha subunits were fully ADP-ribosylated. A 41-kDa Gi protein alpha subunit was found to be present in the anti-PLC-gamma immune complex after EGF stimulation as shown by in vitro ADP-ribosylation using [32P]NAD+ and activated pertussis toxin. The kinetics of association between PLC-gamma with Gi alpha protein reached a maximum after 1 min of incubation with EGF. Antibodies specific for the EGF receptor also coimmunoprecipitated a Gi protein alpha subunit. Treatment of hepatocytes with EGF caused first an increase and then a decrease in the amount of Gi protein alpha subunit associated with the EGF receptor. In contrast, studies with cultured rat liver (WB) cells, a cell line in which EGF stimulation of phosphoinositide hydrolysis is not inhibited by pertussis toxin, showed that a stable complex of Gi alpha was not formed with either PLC-gamma or EGF receptor immunoprecipitates. These results indicate that a pertussis toxin-sensitive Gi protein is uniquely involved in the signal transduction pathway mediating EGF-induced activation of PLC-gamma and Ca2+ mobilization in hepatocytes.

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