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Journal of chromatography. A

Large-scale separation of alkaloids from Corydalis decumbens by pH-zone-refining counter-current chromatography.


PMID 16620861

Abstract

pH-zone-refining counter-current chromatography was successfully applied to the separation of alkaloids from a crude extract of Corydalis decumbens (Thunb.) Pers. using a multilayer coil planet centrifuge (CPC). The experiment was performed with a two-phase solvent system composed of methyl tert-butyl ether (MtBE)-acetonitrile-water (2:2:3, v/v) where triethylamine (5-10 mM) was added to the upper organic stationary phase as a retainer and hydrochloric acid (5-10 mM) to the aqueous mobile phase as an eluter. From 3.1 g of the crude extract, 495 mg protopine, 626 mg tetrahydropalmatine and 423 mg bicuculline were obtained each with a purity of over 93% as determined by high performance liquid chromatography. The structures of the isolated compounds were identified by electron ionization mass spectrometry (EI-MS), high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)-electrospray ionisation-mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) and 1H NMR.

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