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Plant physiology

Fluoride-Induced Inhibition of Starch Biosynthesis in Developing Potato, Solanum tuberosum L., Tubers Is Associated with Pyrophosphate Accumulation.


PMID 16668446

Abstract

Pretreatment of discs excised from developing tubers of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) with 10 millimolar sodium fluoride induced a transient increase in 3-phosphoglycerate content. This was followed by increases in triose-phosphate, fructose 1,6-bisphosphate and hexose-phosphate (glucose 6-phosphate + fructose 6-phosphate + glucose 1-phosphate). The effect of fluoride is attributed to an inhibition of glycolysis and a stimulation of triose-phosphate recycling (the latter confirmed by the pattern of (13)C-labeling [NMR] in sucrose when tissue was supplied with [2-(13)C]glucose). Fluoride inhibited the incorporation of [U-(14)C] glucose, [U-(14)C]sucrose, [U-(14)C]glucose 1-phosphate, and [U-(14)C] glycerol into starch. The incorporation of [U-(14)C]ADPglucose was unaffected. Inhibition of starch biosynthesis was accompanied by an almost proportional increase in the incorporation of (14)C into sucrose. The inhibition of starch synthesis was accompanied by a 10-fold increase in tissue pyrophosphate (PPi) content. Although the subcellular localization of PPi was not determined, a hypothesis is presented that argues that the PPi accumulates in the amyloplast due to inhibition of alkaline inorganic pyrophosphatase by fluoride ions.

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