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Hybridoma

Histocompatible miniature pig (d/d haplotype): generation of hybridomas secreting A or M monoclonal antibody.


PMID 1667778

Abstract

Two Hypoxanthine/Aminopterin/Thymidine-sensitive cell sublines (L142 and L231) have been derived from independent lymphoblastoid cell lines of B lineage. After propagation for more than 100 population doublings (1 year) in culture, these cells still retained a doubling time between 19 to 20 hours, near diploïdy and relatively low (L142) and high (L231) secretion rate of M immunoglobulins. Near diploid hybrid cells were easily generated with leukocytes from the spleen, the gut lamina propria or the mesenteric lymph nodes of pigs immunized against the transmissible gastroenteritis virus. Both the tumor sublines and the B cells were derived from histocompatible miniature pigs (d/d haplotype). Demonstration of fusion between the tumor sublines and B-cells was supported by the selection of hybridomas making the antigen-specific heavy (alpha isotype) and light chains from the B cell parent as well as the heavy and light chains of the lymphoblastoid parent. Moreover, some hybridomas were found to secrete only class A (dimeric) or class M immunoglobulins (0.2-10 micrograms/ml). Forty hybridomas secreted antibodies reactive in a virus-enzyme-linked cell immunoassay against cell-bound antigens and two were found to produce an antibody active only against the infected cell monolayer. Construction of intraspecies hybridoma can be used to perpetuate lymphocyte subsets useful for the study of the porcine immune system.