Cell cycle (Georgetown, Tex.)

The TRIP-Br family of transcriptional regulators is essential for the execution of cyclin E-mediated cell cycle progression.

PMID 16721052


The G1 D-type cyclins, in conjunction with cyclin-dependent kinases Cdk4 and Cdk6, play key roles in the execution of mitogen-induced cellular proliferation. TRIP-Br1, a member of the TRIP-Br family of transcriptional regulators, has been implicated in the regulation of Cdk4/cyclin D activity. To further elucidate the functional role(s) of the TRIP-Br proteins in mitogenic signaling, we have developed the synthetic DNA enzymes E-Br1 and E-Br2 to specifically knock down the serum-inducible expression of TRIP-Br1 and TRIP-Br2, respectively, in WI-38 human fibroblasts in culture, as well as generated TRIP-Br2 null primary embryonic fibroblasts from a novel TRIP-Br2 knockout mouse model. Both strategies consistently reveal that ablation of TRIP-Br1 or TRIP-Br2 expression disrupts mitogenic signaling in a manner that suppresses serum-induced cyclin E expression, S-phase entry and cellular proliferation. We conclude that both TRIP-Br1 and TRIP-Br2 are required for proper transduction of mitogenic signals and execution of serum-inducible cell cycle progression.