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Biomaterials

Mechanical evaluation of implanted calcium phosphate cement incorporated with PLGA microparticles.


PMID 16759694

Abstract

In this study, the mechanical properties of an implanted calcium phosphate (CaP) cement incorporated with 20wt% poly (dl-lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) microparticles were investigated in a rat cranial defect. After 2, 4 and 8 weeks of implantation, implants were evaluated mechanically (push-out test) and morphologically (Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) and histology). The results of the push-out test showed that after 2 weeks the shear strength of the implants was 0.44+/-0.44MPa (average+/-sd), which increased to 1.34+/-1.05MPa at 4 weeks and finally resulted in 2.60+/-2.78MPa at 8 weeks. SEM examination showed a fracture plane at the bone-cement interface at 2 weeks, while the 4- and 8-week specimens created a fracture plane into the CaP/PLGA composites, indicating an increased strength of the bone-cement interface. Histological evaluation revealed that the two weeks implantation period resulted in minimal bone ingrowth, while at 4 weeks of implantation the peripheral PLGA microparticles were degraded and replaced by deposition of newly formed bone. Finally, after 8 weeks of implantation the degradation of the PLGA microparticles was almost completed, which was observed by the bone ingrowth throughout the CaP/PLGA composites. On basis of our results, we conclude that the shear strength of the bone-cement interface increased over time due to bone ingrowth into the CaP/PLGA composites. Although the bone-cement contact could be optimized with an injectable CaP cement to enhance bone ingrowth, still the mechanical properties of the composites after 8 weeks of implantation are insufficient for load-bearing purposes.

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53737
α-tri-Calcium phosphate, puriss. p.a., ≥75% α-phase basis (sinterted powder)
Ca3O8P2