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The Journal of toxicological sciences

Flow cytometric analysis of erythropoietic abnormality: changes in the cell maturity index of reticulocytes and retic distribution index are useful as indicators of erythropoietic toxicity in non-clinical studies.


PMID 16772701

Abstract

We performed a flow cytometric (FCM) analysis of the maturity of reticulocytes using peripheral blood obtained from rats administered 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) at 10, 50 and 100 mg/kg or acethylphenyl hydrazine (APHZ) at 1 and 3 mg/kg to clarify whether the FCM method is useful for assessing toxicity. In the 5-FU-administered rats, a decrease and recovery of the immature reticulocyte fraction (Cell Maturity Index, CMI; Retic Distribution Index, RDI) was observed more rapidly (several days prior to changes in the reticulocyte ratio), and sensitively regarding dose-dependency (clear changes were observed at 10 mg/kg, whereas the reticulocyte ratio was only slightly affected). In addition, there was good agreement between the microscopic results obtained by counting Heilmyer's reticulocyte maturation groups, especially for type I and II, and CMI/RDI assessed by the FCM method after the administration of 50 and 100 mg/kg of 5-FU, the dose at which clear changes were obtained with the microscopic method. In the APHZ-administered rats, a dose-dependent increase in CMI/RDI coinciding with the enhancement of reticulocyte production was observed. The results suggested that the automated FCM method could be a useful and valuable tool to assess and predict impairments of erythropoiesis, especially for CMI and RDI, and could help in the diagnosis of hematological disorders in experimental animals.

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A4626
1-Acetyl-2-phenylhydrazine, ≥98%
C8H10N2O