The Journal of toxicological sciences

Flow cytometric analysis of erythropoietic abnormality: changes in the cell maturity index of reticulocytes and retic distribution index are useful as indicators of erythropoietic toxicity in non-clinical studies.

PMID 16772701


We performed a flow cytometric (FCM) analysis of the maturity of reticulocytes using peripheral blood obtained from rats administered 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) at 10, 50 and 100 mg/kg or acethylphenyl hydrazine (APHZ) at 1 and 3 mg/kg to clarify whether the FCM method is useful for assessing toxicity. In the 5-FU-administered rats, a decrease and recovery of the immature reticulocyte fraction (Cell Maturity Index, CMI; Retic Distribution Index, RDI) was observed more rapidly (several days prior to changes in the reticulocyte ratio), and sensitively regarding dose-dependency (clear changes were observed at 10 mg/kg, whereas the reticulocyte ratio was only slightly affected). In addition, there was good agreement between the microscopic results obtained by counting Heilmyer's reticulocyte maturation groups, especially for type I and II, and CMI/RDI assessed by the FCM method after the administration of 50 and 100 mg/kg of 5-FU, the dose at which clear changes were obtained with the microscopic method. In the APHZ-administered rats, a dose-dependent increase in CMI/RDI coinciding with the enhancement of reticulocyte production was observed. The results suggested that the automated FCM method could be a useful and valuable tool to assess and predict impairments of erythropoiesis, especially for CMI and RDI, and could help in the diagnosis of hematological disorders in experimental animals.

Related Materials

Product #



Molecular Formula

Add to Cart

1-Acetyl-2-phenylhydrazine, ≥98%