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Zhonghua xin xue guan bing za zhi

[Effects of midazolam and estazolam as hypnotics in hypertensive patients with chronic insomnia: a multicentre, open labeled, randomized clinical trial].


PMID 16776928

Abstract

To compare the safety and efficacy of midazolam and estazolam in hypertensive patients with chronic insomnia. In this multicentre, open labeled, randomized clinical trial, 217 adult (18 - 75 years) hypertensive patients (BP range 140 mm Hg or= 3 times/week for more than 1 month) were randomly divided into midazolam (7.5 - 15 mg before sleep, n = 113) or estazolam group (1 - 2 mg before sleep, n = 104). Patients took medication according to own need. Sleep diary should be completed within 15 minutes after getting up next morning. Follow-up analysis was performed in patients completed 8 sleep diaries or received midazolam or estazolam for 1 month. Patients' sleep diaries were evaluated, blood pressure and heart rate before and after therapy were measured and adverse events were recorded. (1) Blood pressure was equipotent reduced after both treatments (-11.8/7.3 mm Hg for midazolam group, and -9.1/5.6 mm Hg for estazolam group, all P < 0.05 vs. before treatment). (2) The total sleep score was also significantly decreased in both groups after medication (P < 0.01) and midazolam was significantly superior to estazolam in shortening sleep latency, reducing awakening frequency, improving objective sleep evaluation and decreasing daytime sleepiness, but there were no differences in dream frequency and total sleep time. (3) The adverse reactions such as dizziness, headache and nausea was similar in midazolam (3%) and estazolam group (7%, P > 0.05). It is safe to take midazolam or estazolam for hypertensive patients with chronic insomnia and both drugs reduced blood pressure. Midazolam is superior to estazolam in shortening sleep latency, reducing awakening frequency, improving objective sleep evaluation and decreasing daytime sleepiness.

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