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European journal of medicinal chemistry

Synthesis and SAR study of acridine, 2-methylquinoline and 2-phenylquinazoline analogues as anti-prion agents.


PMID 16782236

Abstract

Transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs) are thought to arise from aggregation of a protease resistant protein denoted PrP(Sc), which is a misfolded isoform of the normal cellular prion protein PrP(C). Using virtual high-throughput screening we have selected structures analogous to acridine, 2-methyquinoline and 2-phenylquinazoline as potential therapeutic candidates for the treatment of TSEs. From the synthesis and screening of constructed libraries we have shown that an electron-rich aromatic ring attached through an amine linker to the position para to the ring nitrogen is beneficial to both binding to PrP(C) and the suppression of PrP(Sc) accumulation for acridine and 2-methylquinoline analogues. 2-Phenylquinazoline analogues appear to utilise a different mode of action by binding at a different location and/or pose. We report IC50s in the nanomolar range.

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