Pharmaceutical research

Dealing with time-dependent pharmacokinetics during the early clinical development of a new leukotriene B4 synthesis inhibitor.

PMID 16783479


The aim of this study was to explore the possibility of achieving a practical dosing regimen for 2,4,6-triiodophenol (AM-24), a new leukotriene B4 (LTB4) synthesis inhibitor. First, a model capable of dealing with the nonlinearity in its pharmacokinetic profile was built, and then it was combined with a pharmacodynamic model previously established with data from earlier phase I trials. One week after the first 240-, 350-, or 500-mg oral dose of AM-24, six additional doses were given to 24 healthy volunteers once daily. A total of 33 blood samples were obtained from each individual. Different models, including enzyme turnover models, were fitted to the data by using the software NONMEM. Drug absorption was modeled with a first-order process. Drug disposition was described with a one-compartment model, and elimination with an (auto)inhibited and a noninhibited clearance. AM-24 inhibited the enzyme production rate to a maximum of 98%. Relative bioavailability was independent of the decrease in the amount of enzyme. The estimate of the enzyme turnover half-life was 8.5 h. Simulations have shown that steady-state conditions eliciting 90% of maximal LTB4 synthesis inhibition can be reached after 3 weeks during an oral treatment with AM-24 administered at the dosage of 500 mg once daily.

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