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Journal of agricultural and food chemistry

Development of monoclonal antibodies against pirimiphos-methyl and their application to IC-ELISA.


PMID 16786997

Abstract

To detect the organophosphorus (OP) pesticide pirimiphos-methyl in grain samples, a monoclonal antibody-based indirect competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (IC-ELISA) was developed and optimized. By the active esters method, pirimiphos-methyl hapten A was conjugated to keyhole limpet hemocyanin to be used as the immunogen for the production of monoclonal antibodies, and pirimiphos-methyl hapten B was conjugated to ovalbumin to be used as coating antigen. By using the monoclonal antibody and the coating antigen, an IC-ELISA has been developed. Under the established optimized conditions, the IC-ELISA showed an IC50 of 4.2 ng/mL with a detection limit of 0.07 ng/mL. The IC-ELISA showed negligible cross-reactivity with other OP pesticides except with pirimiphos-ethyl. Recoveries of pirimiphos-methyl from spiked grain samples ranged from 83 to 96%.

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