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Chemico-biological interactions

Acetaminophen-induced hepatotoxicity of gel entrapped rat hepatocytes in hollow fibers.


PMID 16797510

Abstract

An important application of primary hepatocyte cultures is for hepatotoxicity research. In this paper, gel entrapment culture of rat hepatocytes in miniaturized BAL system were evaluated as a potential in vitro model for hepatotoxicity studies in comparison to monolayer cultures. After exposure for 24 and 48 h to acetaminophen (2.5 mM), gel entrapped hepatocytes were more severely damaged than hepatocyte monolayer detected by methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) reduction, intracellular glutathione (GSH) content, reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels, urea genesis and albumin synthesis. CYP 2E1 activities detected by 4-nitrocatechol (4-NC) formation were higher in gel entrapped hepatocytes than in hepatocyte monolayers while the addition of CYP 2E1 inhibitor, diethyl-dithiocarbamate (DDC), more significantly reduced acetaminophen-induced toxicity in gel entrapped hepatocytes. In addition, protective effects of GSH, liquorice extract and glycyrrhizic acid against acetaminophen hepatotoxicity were clearly observed in gel entrapped hepatocytes but not in hepatocyte monolayer at an incubation time of 48 h. Overall, gel entrapped hepatocytes showed higher sensitivities to acetaminophen-induced hepatotoxicity than hepatocyte monolayer by a mechanism that higher CYP 2E1 activities of gel entrapped hepatocytes could induce more severe acetaminophen toxicity. This indicates that gel entrapped hepatocytes in hollow fiber system could be a promising model for toxicological study in vitro.

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